Accommodating multinationals in federal political systems
The first right of individuals and countries is self-preservation.
The task of maintaining the country, however, is more complex than the individual’s duty of self-preservation, for the country must seek to command the attachment of a community of citizens as well as to preserve itself from external violence.
In the Soviet Union the security police acted to check any deviation from the policy of the party or state.
In the United States the police powers are largely left in the hands of the 50 states and the local agencies of government.
As Thomas Hobbes insisted, civil war constitutes the greatest threat to governments, for it represents the dissolution of the “sovereign power.” In modern terms, civil war signifies that the government has lost one of the basic attributes of political authority: its monopoly of force and its control over the use of violence.
In a fundamental sense, political authority may be preserved from the threat of civil war only when there exists in the political community an agreement on the basic principles of the regime.
Marxist conception of the state, the ends of human existence once again became the objects of comprehensive government regulation.
Marxism sees the state as a product of class warfare that will pass out of existence in the future age of perfect freedom.
Even more than this, education is the instrument by which governments further the cohesion of their societies and build the fundamental kinds of consensus that support their authority.Government has thus become the major or even the dominant organizing power in all contemporary societies.The historical stages by which governments have come to exercise their contemporary functions make an interesting study in themselves.In all modern states, governmental functions have greatly expanded with the emergence of government as an active force in guiding social and economic development.In countries with a command economy, government has a vast range of responsibilities for many types of economic behaviour.
Such a consensus is the result, among other things, of a shared “ideology” that gives fellow citizens a sense of communal belonging and recognizes interlocking values, interests, and beliefs.