Rome's Pantheon or Temple of All Gods is one of the best-preserved monuments handed down by the Empire.
The Pantheon (UK: /ˈpænθiən/, US: /-ɒn/; Latin: Pantheum,[nb 1] from Greek Πάνθειον Pantheion, "[temple] of all the gods") is a former Roman temple, now a church, in Rome, Italy, on the site of an earlier temple commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD).
It was completed by the emperor Hadrian and probably dedicated about 126 AD.
The current Pantheon, dating back to 118-125 AD, can be attributed to Emperor Hadrian and appears today exactly as it was in Ancient Rome.
The inscription was maintained as a homage to Agrippa.
The aforementioned Latin inscription mistakenly led to believe that the present-day circular temple coincided with the first original building, archeological digs later confirmed that Agrippa’s construction presented a traditional rectangular t-shaped form that went destroyed in a fire in 80 AD leaving only the façade.